Essay-Gram: Rise and Fall of Rome
The city of Rome, and the subsequent empire that would it beget, traces its beginnings all the way back to the 8th Century B.C. and is connected to the ancient legend of Romulus and his brother Remus. As mythology has it, Romulus and Remus were the children of the god Mars and a mortal virgin woman. The twins were abandoned, carried by a river (I assume the Tiber), discovered and suckled by a she-wolf, feed by a woodpecker, and then eventually found by a shepherd who later raised the twins in his own occupation. Natural born leaders - each had many followers - they choose to found their own city and decided to do so along the great Tiber River among a series of hills. However, which hill to establish their new commune they could not agree on. Romulus preferred the Palatine Hill and Remus preferred the Aventine Hill. They decided to let the gods decide, but when each interpreted the gods decision to be in their own favor they fought each other. Remus was killed and Romulus founded the new city on the Palatine Hill. He named the city, Roma, after himself and became the city's first king. Rome was officially founded in 753 B.C.
Over the course of the next +2,800 years, the city of Rome would grow into arguably one of the greatest human civilizations the world has ever witnessed and has a historical narrative matched only by the ancient kingdoms of eastern Asia. It was founded as a kingdom (753 B.C.), overthrown and re-established as a republic (509 B.C.), converted into an empire (27 A.D.), split into two empires (476 A.D.), made an independent state to the Pope (754 A.D.), and finally unified into a single country that we now know to be the Italian Republic (1861 A.D.). Although throughout its storied history it was burned, sacked, pillaged and overthrown numerous times, Rome has left behind wonderful relics in the form of buildings, scribes, and arts. In fact, Rome to this day remains one of the primary influences in the development of Western culture, politics, arts, architecture, construction, culinary arts, religion and conquest through war. What is perhaps most amazing is that, this ancient civilization begun almost millinea ago, still thrives today.
Below are a two diagrammatic essays that quickly show the rise, the demise and the stabilization of Rome...
Rome grew from a small river side town, to one of the most powerful empires man has ever known. At it's height, The Roman Empire covered and controlled much of modern day Europe, all of Northern Africa around the Mediterranean Sea and parts of the Western Middle East.